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About 75 percent of the an- nual rainfall in India i s concentrated i n three to f our months of the m onsoon seas on. Mitigation means lessening the negative impact of the natural hazards. The Indian Ocean is one of th e six major cyclone prone regi ons of the world. These roles and activities span. This enables sharing of inf ormation. This will include incentives for relocation of commercial and residential activities outside the disaster prone areas. Earthquakes are considered to be one of the most destructive natural hazards.

Today we have a range of early warning sys- tems earthqjake a range of n atural hazards.

A regular mecha- nism will therefore have to be established for this. Floods and mitigation measures. Structural and Constructional reinforcement of existing buil dings It is earthqua,e so possible to reduce the vulnerability of exi sting buildings through m inor adaptations or al terations thereby ensuring their safety. Coordination be- tween Government agencies and NGOs needs to be buil t up so that overlap of activities may be avoided and linkages between the Govern- m ent and communities are establi shed.

T hus it is essential t o promote t he kno wledge o f disaster resistant co nstructi on techniques and practices among engineers, architects and technical per- sonnel.

Disaster Management Study Material Pdf Download -Notes From NIDM

Netherhall Risk Assessment Form 2 Location. Applied research and technology transfer There is a need to es tablish or upgrade obser- vation equipment and networks, monitor the hazards properly, improve the quality of f ore- casting and warning, disseminate i nformation quickly through the warning systems and un- dertake disaster simulation exercises.

Drought is a signi ficant environmen tal manaagement as i t is caused by a lower than av erage rainfall ove r a long peri od of time.

Approxim ately 40 million hectares of land in the country has been identified as being prone to floods. It is evident today that human activities are re- sponsible for accelerating the frequency and severity of natural disasters. Project Description Jakarta Resilient for Prequalificatio Close Dialog Are you sure? Major floods are mainly caused in the Ganga-Brahmaputra-Meghna basin which car- ries 60 percent of the total r iver flow of our country.

It is also m ulti-sectoral as i t involves administrators, scientists, planners, volunteers and communities. The l ower plain regions of India i n particular Bih ar, Uttar Pradesh and W est Bengal in respect of the Ganga and Assam in respect of the Brahmaputra suffer from the adverse effects of floods every y ear. Since their activi ties are complemen- tary as well as supplementary to each other there is a critical n eed for c oordinating these activi- ties.

They are a part of the environ- m ent that we li ve in. The s uccess of a mi tigation strategy will depend to a l arge extent on the inter-sectional, inter-departmental coordination and efficient teamwork. There is a need to em phasize on proactive and pre-di- s aster measures rather than post disaster re- sp onse.

Thus a training program that is de- signed after assessment of gaps in knowledge, skills and attitude with respect to the various tasks that need to be undertaken is a vital co m- ponent.

Disaster management is a multidisciplinary area in which a wide range of issues that range from forecasting, warning, evacuation, search and rescue, relief, reconstruction and rehabilitation are included. Incentives and res ources for m itigation To a very large extent the success of mi tigation programs will depend upon the availability of continued funding. The introduction of disaster linked insurance should be explored and should cover not only life b ut also household goods, cattle, structures and crops.

School Safety Guide for Natural Hazards.

Disaster Management Study Material Pdf Download -Notes From NIDM

It is thus essential to have a permanent administrativ e structure which can m onitor the developmental activities across departments and provi des suggestions for necessary mitigation measures. From management to mi tigation of disasters till very recently the ap proach towards dealing with natural disasters ha s been post disaster mana gement involving problems s uch as evacu- ation, warnings, communication s, search and rescue, fire-figh ting, medical and p sychiatric assistance, provi sion of relief, shelter, etc.

Once this information is collected a risk assessment s hould be done to de termine the frequency, intensity, impact and the time taken to return to normalcy after the disaster. Among the 36 states and Union territories in the country, 22 are prone to disasters. The eastern coastlin e is more prone to cyclones as it is hit by about 80 per- ce nt of the total cycl ones generated in the region.


Risk assessment and Vulnerability analysis This inv olves identification of hot s pot areas of prime concern, collection of i nformation on past natural hazards, informati on of the natural eco- system s and informati on on the population and infrastructure.

Remove them from Saved? About 50 to 60 percent of India is vulnerable to seismic activity of varying intensities.

Earthwuake all the disasters that occur in the coun- try, floods are the most frequently occurring natural disasters, due to the irre gularities of the Indian m onsoon. Are you sure you want to delete this list? As a re- sult there is a v ery heavy discharge from the rivers during this period causing widespread floods.

Certain guidelines if followed can result in an effective mitigation program.

M ost of th e drought pr one areas identifi ed by the Government lie in the arid and semi-arid a reas of the downolad try. Most of the vulnerable areas are located in the Hima- layan and sub-Himalay an regions.

The assessment of risk and vulnerabilities will need to be revised periodically. Landuse planning and regulations Long term disas ter reduction efforts sh ould aim at promoting appropriate land-use in the disas- ter prone areas. Institutional mechanisms The most i mportant need at the National level is to s disasrer or dev elop the capaci ty to un- dertake disaster mitigation strategies.

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The m ain elements of a mi tigation strategy are as foll ows: Sign up to vote on this title. Natural occurrences such as floods, earthquakes, cyclones, etc. This action might not be possible to undo. Although they are more eagthquake than before and can help in prediction it is not enough to ensure commu- nities are safe from disasters.